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papo The third hypothesis
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The enigma of the io

"Whoever you are, you are a friend" (Don Sirio Politi)

This web site aims to set up a point of discussion in connection with a specific metaphysical hypothesis,
that initially I discovered independently, but as I learned
it is similar to a monist current of Hinduism
and to the monopsychism that Averroes dates back to Aristotle,
and this is why I proposed to call it "neomonopsychism".
In a modern form was recently proposed
by philosopher Daniel Kolak in his book "I Am You"
where he named it "Open Individualism".
Later, I discovered that philospher Arnold Zuboff, from the University of London,
already described the same idea in an article dated 1990,
naming it "Universalism".

It corresponds to the least invasive method possible,
allowing the mysteries of the "io" to integrate with a scientific vision of life,
without expecting in return any condition of adjustment to any kind of dogma
or the recognition of any transcendental authority or moral principle,
offering instead metaphysical support for what is called "layman’s ethics".

On this website I tried to explicit its innovative features,
describing them in an accessible way.
I have written several times different versions of my ideas,
trying each time to expose them more effectively,
adapting my argumentations to the philosophical debate which I gradually became aware of.

This results in exposures of different types,
some of them are more simple but more naive,
other are more stringent but a little more complicated.
It may be helpful to begin by early drafts,
in order to understand more easily
the last ones that are more technical.

In each page is possible to send comments to suggest critics or details.
The comments are displayed with the sending person only if the corresponding option is checked,
and may be reported only for summary or note,
as it will be suggested for practical pourposes.

If you find this idea interesting,
you can help to spread it around by informing your friends of this web site.

On Facebook there is an international discussion group
which is called "I Am You: Discussions on Open Individualism."
I definitely recommend signing up to whoever is interested.

Original writing: The third hypothesis
To make more easy to read these pages,
I prepared a pdf file that you can download and print
with the original content of this first paper.
The italian version of this first writing was started on October 8, 2008
and completed on December 27, 2008.
The english version was published on May 1, 2009
The reading begins at the page "The three hypotheses".

Brief presentation with historical references: Open considerations (2009-2010)

Resubmission after further discussion: Structured discussion (2011)

Draft with advanced arguments: Arguments Supporting Open Individualism (2012)
Content available also as pdf file.

While studying the view of Derek Parfit on Personal Identity reading his book "Reasons and Persons",
I took the opportunity to comment carefully the reading,
proposing for every problem an alternative solution based on Open Individualism.
This led me to reformulate some key arguments in a new way.
Commentary about Derek Parfit’s book “Reasons and persons - Part three - Personal identity" (2014)
I encourage the readers to use the "comment" feature of Google Docs to add their notes,
reporting errors and the more obscure sentences.
I will correct the document in time.
The content is available also as pdf file in A5 format (to use the "print booklet" feature of Adobe Reader):

The reformulation and the redefinition of some ideas while studying "Reasons and Persons"
prompted me to write again about the model of Open Individualism that I promote,
to show how it is a necessary consequence if we accept the assumptions of reductonism.

The new document includes all the arguments required to consider complete the proposal.
It will be my main reference to discuss about Open Individualism in the future.

It is ideally complementary with "The Third Hypotesis",
that is less technical but presents the problem as they appear to the lay man,
meanwhile "Reduction to Open Individualism"
debates the same questions with a more technical approach,
referencing other philosophers and the problems they discuss.

I started to work on the new document on January 21, 2015
and completed it on September 23, 2016
(last editing on January 24, 2017).

Reduction to Open Individualism (2015-2016)

The content is available also as pdf file in A5 format (to use the "print booklet" feature of Adobe Reader):